What Is Form 1120-S: U.S. Income Tax Return for an S Corporation?
The tax return for an S Corporation is filed using Form 1120-S. Although S-Corporations do not directly pay federal income tax, the IRS must still receive reports of their profits, losses, deductions, and credits. The IRS uses the company’s tax returns and the accompanying Schedule K-1 to determine how to tax each individual shareholder.
Read on as we learn more about Form 1120-S.
Table of Contents
- Each S Corporation’s earnings, losses, and dividends are disclosed on Form 1120-S.
- As long as the S corporation is still in existence, the form acts as the corporation’s yearly income tax return.
- In order to prevent double taxation on the corporation and its owners, corporations with few shareholders employ the S corporation classification.
What Is Form 1120-S?
Form 1120-S: U.S. Income Tax Return for an S Corporation is a tax form that S Corporations use to report their earnings, losses, and dividends to the IRS. Form 1120-S is essentially the tax return for an S corporation.
Who Needs to File IRS Form 1120-S?
If a corporation filed Form 2553 to elect to be an S corporation, and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recognized the election, the corporation is required to file Form 1120-S.
The IRS determines how much profit and loss should be allocated to each shareholder based on the ownership percentage specified in Form 1120-S.
When to File Form 1120-S
Corporations have until the fifteenth day of the third month following the end of their tax year to file their taxable income return, including Form 1120-S.
No matter how brief a corporation’s first tax year was, it must file by the fifteenth day of the third month after it ends. For example, if a corporation’s fiscal year ends on June 30, they are required to file by the fifteenth day of the third month following that year’s conclusion.
Dates that are due but fall on a Saturday, Sunday, or a legal holiday is postponed to the next business day.
How to File Form 1120-S
Most people choose to e-file their 1120-S Form through the IRS’ e-filing system. Many tax preparation softwares also allows you to file your Form 1120-S using their online systems.
If you prefer to film your form by mail, you can get Form 1120-S from the IRS website and mail a hard copy instead.
What Is the Difference Between Form 1120 and 1120S?
S Corporations must submit Form 1120-S for federal taxes, whereas C Corporations must file Form 1120. Both S Corps and C Corps are types of companies, but they differ in a number of ways and have significant benefits and drawbacks for business owners.
Unlike S Corps, C Corporations are not pass-through organizations. C Corps are required to complete Form 1120, submit it to the IRS, and pay corporate-level federal income tax.
A C Corporation’s shareholders are liable to pay personal income tax on both their salary from the company and any dividends they receive.
The tax return form for companies that are registered as S Corporations, a type of corporation that prevents double taxation at both the corporate and individual levels, is called Form 1120-S.
For S corporations, Form 1120-S is crucial because, in addition to disclosing corporate income, it also informs the IRS about the proportion of the business that is held by individual shareholders.
Businesses will receive this advantage if this information is appropriately reported to the IRS.
FAQS on Form 1120-S
File 1120-S is purely for businesses that are run with an S-Corporations status.
The price to file Form 1120-S is $778.
Filing Form 1120-S is free if you choose to do your own tax returns. If you prefer to work with a tax preparer, an NSA study found the average national cost for filing Form 1120-S was $903 in 2022.
If the LLC has chosen to be taxed as a corporation by filing Form 2553 with the IRS, standard corporate tax laws will apply to the company. The LLC must then file Form 1120-S to report their federal income taxes to the IRS.
If the LLC is a corporation, standard corporate tax laws will apply to it. This must mean the domestic corporation must submit Form 1120 to the Internal Revenue Service for its income taxes.
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