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What is Capital Injection? Definition & Examples

Updated: February 6, 2023

Every company, no matter the type or the industry, needs some type of cash flow to continue operating successfully. This will often come from the likes of generated revenue, but there can be a need to access additional capital to help fund future business growth. 

This is where a capital injection can be incredibly effective and beneficial for your company. To help, we created this guide that covers what you need to know. Keep reading to learn all about capital injection and how it works!

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    • Injecting money into a company can help it stay afloat or fund rapid growth.
    • Capital injections can come from private investors, government agencies, or other companies.
    • If you’re considering injecting capital into your company, ensure you know the risks and rewards involved.

    What Is a Capital Injection?

    A capital injection is a financial sector term that refers to an infusion of cash into a company or financial institution. This comes from either the government or private investors. The purpose of a capital injection is to increase the financial stability of the recipient. They can then expand or continue operations.

    Injections of capital are often used as a way to prevent or mitigate financial crises. Take the 2008 financial crisis, for example.

    The US government injected billions of dollars into struggling banks and other institutions. They did this to help stabilize the markets and prevent a complete collapse.

    In recent years, there has been an increased focus on capital regulation in the financial sector. This is due to the fact that many believe that insufficient capital levels were a major contributor to the financial crisis. As a result, financial institutions are now required to hold more capital than they did in the past.

    To learn more, this guide details the key points about capital injections. Also, the pros and cons of capital infusion so that you can make an informed decision about whether it is right for your company.

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    How Does Capital Injection Work?

    When mentioning capital injection, it’s often in the context of funding a business or financial institution. These funds come from an outside source. A capital injection can come from a variety of sources. Some include private equity firms, venture capitalists, and even governments.

    Private capital injections are often made by investors who believe in the long-term prospects of a company. For example, a private equity firm may make a capital injection into a struggling company in exchange for a minority stake in the business.

    Importance of Capital Injection

    Capital injections can stave off permanent business closings. This, in turn, can help to preserve jobs and maintain economic stability. Capital injections can also help prevent runs on banks and other financial institutions.

    Some critics argue that capital injections create moral hazards. This is because they may give recipient companies and institutions a false sense of security. This could encourage them to take on more risk than they otherwise would.

    If this happens, it could lead to even more financial instability down the road. Business owners therefore have to be careful when receiving a capital injection. It’s important to use the funds in a way that will create long-term value for the company.

    This can prove challenging, especially for businesses that are struggling to stay afloat. However, with proper management, capital injections can be an effective way to improve a company’s financial health.

    When Do You Need a Capital Injection?

    There are a number of reasons why a company or financial institution may need a capital injection.

    For example, a company may need additional capital to expand its operations or enter new markets. A capital injection can also cover operating losses or fund other forms of capital expenditure.

    A financial institution may need a capital injection to shore up its capital levels. This is often done in response to new capital regulations or to cover losses from bad loans.

    In some cases, a company or financial institution may need a capital injection simply to stay afloat. This may be the case if the business is struggling to generate enough revenue to cover its expenses.

    Examples of Capital Injections

    One of the most famous capital injections occurred during the 2008 financial crisis.

    In response, the United States government stepped in. A government capital injection gave billions to struggling banks and other financial institutions. This was an effort to stabilize the markets and prevent a complete collapse.

    This was a famous bailout from government capital injections. But it allowed banking lending to resume, thus avoiding a banking crisis.

    Another well-known example of a capital injection occurred in 2012. That year, the Spanish government injected billions of euros into the country’s struggling banking sector.

    This capital injection was necessary to prop up the banks and prevent them from failing. It also helped to prevent a full-blown financial crisis in Spain.

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    Capital Injection Advantages

    There are a number of advantages to capital injections. Some of its biggest assets have to do with stabilizing the economy and keeping banks open. This banking intermediation ensures that banking management can continue.

    Capital injections can help to preserve jobs and maintain economic stability. They can help to prevent runs on banks and other financial institutions. Capital injections may be necessary to fund expansion or other capital expenditures. And they can help increase financial stability of the recipient company or institution.

    Capital Injection Disadvantages

    There are also a number of disadvantages to capital injections.

    Consistent capital injections might sound promising up front. But once a company gets them, it might lose sight of its most pressing needs. This is what some refer to as a moral hazard.

    The recipient now has a false sense of security due to the infusion. Thus, they might decide to take on more risk than they can handle. As a result, the injection could actually leave them worse off financially.

    Another point that detractors make is that injections sometimes go to failing businesses. Rather than help a company that needs the cash infusion, the injection only serves to keep a dying company afloat a little longer.

    Finally, capital injections can be a form of government intervention in the marketplace. This could lead to unintended consequences and distortions in the economy.


    Injecting money into a company can be a way to rescue it from financial distress, or it can be a way to provide the funds necessary for rapid growth.

    You might need to inject capital into your company if it is facing financial distress, or if you want to provide funds for rapid growth. 

    Capital injection can also be a way to increase the ownership stake of a major shareholder or to provide funds for a leveraged buyout.

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    FAQs About Capital Injection

    How do you account for capital injection?

    Capital injection is an accounting treatment, not a financing event. As such, it does not directly impact the balance sheet banking activities. Instead, it’s recorded as an equity contribution on the income statement.

    What is working capital injection?

    A working capital injection is a capital infusion that is used to cover the operating costs of a company or financial institution. Working capital injections are often used to fund expansion or other capital expenditures.

    How to apply for a capital injection?

    It depends. In some cases, the government chooses to step in and provide the injection. If you have a mature company that’s gone public, your share money might pay for the injection.

    What is capital infusion?

    Capital infusion is a related term that refers to the injection of capital into a company or financial institution. Capital infusion can serve a variety of purposes. It can expand operations, cover operating losses, or fund other capital expenditures.

    What is the difference between capital injection and capital infusion?

    Capital injection is an accounting treatment while capital infusion is a financing event. Capital infusion can help balance shadow banking activities and support expenditures.

    What is the purpose of capital injection?

    The purpose of capital injection is to increase the capital levels of a company or financial institution. Capital injections can serve to respond to new capital regulations. They can also cover losses from bad loans or keep a struggling business afloat.


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