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Manufacturing

  1. Absorption Costing
  2. Manufacturing Resource Planning
  3. Factors of Production
  4. Production Costs
  5. Product Recall
  6. Yield Variance
  7. QPAI

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Yield Variance: Definition, Formula & Example

Updated: November 24, 2022

The yield variance is the discrepancy between the anticipated yield from a given quantity of raw materials and the actual yield of finished goods. The idea is used to gauge how successfully a production process produces final goods. It is actually one of the most used industrial metrics.

Read on as we take a deeper look at yield variance, as well as the formula used, what it indicates, and answer some of your frequently asked questions. 

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    KEY TAKEAWAYS

    • Yield variance quantifies the discrepancy between a production or manufacturing process’s actual and expected output.
    • Compared to mix variance, which is the variation in total material utilization, it is the opposite.
    • If a company overestimates or underestimates how much material is required to produce a specific amount, yield variance will be above or below zero.

    What Is Yield Variance?

    Yield variance is the difference between a production or manufacturing process’s actual and expected outputs, calculated using standardized inputs for labor and materials. At standard cost, the yield variance is valued. Yield variance, when the actual output is smaller than the standard or expected output, is typically unfavorable, while it is possible that the output exceeds expectations as well.

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    Formula to Calculate Yield Variance

    The formula to calculate yield variance is as follows: 

    Yield Variance Formula

    What Does Yield Variance Indicate?

    A common financial and operational measure in the manufacturing sector is yield variance. It’s pretty common for an analyst to change inputs for unique scenarios in order to enhance or improve the metric. 

    For instance, it might not be wise to employ temporary pricing inputs that experience brief price spikes during a raw material price surge because the results might deviate from expected levels. Like any other analysis, this one involves both art and science.

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    Example of Yield Variance

    If the standard output for a product is 500 units and the actual yield is 490 units after an 8-hour manufacturing unit, there is a negative yield variance of 10 units (500 – 490). The standard cost is $2.50 per finished product. So using the above formula, we can calculate the yield variance as follows:

    YV = 2.50 x (500 – 490)

    YV = 25

    So the yield variance would be $25.

    Summary

    Yield variance is a useful tool in the manufacturing industry. However, it’s important to note that while a yield variance may indicate whether or not your output is effective or as anticipated, it is unable to explain why the variance happened. As well as what factors may have contributed to it.

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    FAQS on Yield Variance

    What Is Yield Variance in Accounting?

    The yield variance, which is based on standard inputs of materials and labor, is the difference between the actual output and the standard output of a production or manufacturing process. At standard cost, the yield variance is valued.

    What Is Labor Yield Variance?

    The labor yield variance, one of the factors that make up the labor efficiency variation, is caused by the discrepancy between the worker’s actual output and the standard output that was prescribed.

    How Do You Interpret Material Yield Variance?

    The difference between the standard cost of the actual input materials used in the standard mix and the standard cost of the standard quantity of input materials used in the standard mix is used to compute the material yield variance.

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