Tax Deductions for Start-up Businesses
If you’re starting a new business, you can deduct your start-up costs as allowable business expenses. The costs that are eligible for business start-up tax deductions include market research expenses, marketing and advertising expenses, employee training and professional fees associated with establishing your business structure and organization.
The start-up costs are treated as capital costs for tax purposes. The IRS considers them long-term assets — you’re investing in the future of your business.
What this article covers:
- What Are Some Start-up Costs for A Business?
- Are Business Start-up Costs Tax Deductible?
- How Much Start-up Costs Can You Deduct?
What Are Some Start-up Costs for A Business?
Start-up costs are expenses that you incur while starting a new business. Since all businesses are different, the start-up costs vary. However, some of the common expenses include:
- Employee hiring and training
- License and permits
- Technological expenses
- Borrowing costs
- Advertising and promotions
- Equipment and supplies
- Interest charges
- Travel costs
- Utility bills
- Legal expenses
Are Business Start-up Costs Tax Deductible?
According to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), start-up costs can be categorized into costs related to research and costs pertaining to the actual formation of the business.
Following are three specific categories of business start-up costs that are eligible for tax deductions.
- Creating a Business: The research costs incurred while creating a trade or a business includes costs for market and product analysis, feasibility studies, visiting potential locations, competitor analysis, examining the labor supply, etc.
- Launching the Business: It includes setup costs for the business such as employee hiring and training, consultant fees, travel costs and advertising and professional fees.
- Organization Costs: This includes expenses for setting up your business as a legal entity such as accounting fees, incorporation fees, director expenses, state and legal fees and expenses for conducting any organizational meetings. These costs must have been incurred before the end of your first tax year in business.
Business start-up costs are not just for one year. This is why these start-up costs are chargeable to a capital account and amortized over the life of the business.
They are outlined in detail in Chapters 7 and 8 of IRS Publication 535.
Not Eligible for Tax Deductions
- Capital expenses such as buildings, vehicles and equipment are considered for tax purposes separately.
- Expenses incurred before the business start date.
- Expenses incurred for entering a certain type of business, such as real estate, are not deductible as start-up costs.
How Much Start-up Costs Can You Deduct?
For the first year of its operations, the IRS permits a start-up tax deduction of $5,000. This deduction is restricted to $50,000 in start-up costs.
If you have business costs over $50,000, your available first-year deductions will be lowered by the amount that you exceed $50,000.
For example, if your start-up costs are $52,000, you’ll only be able to deduct $3,000 ($5000 minus $2000) in the first year of business.